Hamedan city is the center of Hamedan province located 343 KM south-west of Tehran and is one of the oldest cities in the world. The old name of Hamedan was Ikbatan or Hegmataneh and was the capital of the Media dynasty around 700 B.C. and the summer capital of the Achaemenians. The ruins of anctient Ikbatan dates back to around 4000 B.C.

Hamedan hosts the tomb of Avicenna, the philospher, and Baba-taher, the poet. Hamedan and its suburb Lalejin are famous for ceramic arts. Mount Alvand, 5KM from Hamedan hosts a number of beautiful gardens and waterfalls and a famous stone carving named Ganj Nameh dated back to the Achaemenians Tomb of Abu-ali Sina (Avicenna) in Hamedan. Abu-ali Sina (Avicenna) (980-1037 A.D.) was a famous philospher, writer and M.D. Tomb of Baba-taher (500 A.D.) poet in Hamedan.

Ali-sadr limestone cave near Hamedan. This is one of the most beautiful natural limestone caves in the world. The height is maximum 35m, width of 2-15m and water depth of 1-17m. It goes as deep as 500m inside the mountain.